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Argentine trade policies in the XX century: 60 years of solitude

Irene Brambilla (), Sebastian Galiani and Guido Porto ()
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Irene Brambilla: Universidad Nacional de La Plata and NBER
Guido Porto: Universidad Nacional de La Plata and NBER

Latin American Economic Review, 2018, vol. 27, issue 1, 1-30

Abstract: Abstract At the turn of the last century, the Argentine economy was on a path to prosperity that never fully developed. International trade and trade policies are often identified as a major culprit. In this paper, we review the history of Argentine trade policy to uncover its exceptional features and to explore its contribution to the Argentine debacle. Our analysis tells a story of bad trade policies, rooted in distributional conflict and shaped by changes in constraints, that favored industry over agriculture in a country with a fundamental comparative advantage in agriculture. While the anti-export bias impeded productivity growth in agriculture, the import substitution strategy was not successful in promoting an efficient industrialization. In the end, Argentine growth never took-off.

Keywords: Tariff protection; Export taxes on agriculture; Anti-export bias; F13; F14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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