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Strategic Response to Inward Foreign Direct Investment: A Study of Indian Family Firms

Arindam Mondal (), Somnath Lahiri () and Sougata Ray ()
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Arindam Mondal: XLRI-Xavier School of Management
Somnath Lahiri: Illinois State University
Sougata Ray: Indian Institute of Management Calcutta

Management International Review, 2021, vol. 61, issue 2, No 3, 207-233

Abstract: Abstract International business scholarship suggests that inward FDI (IFDI) may elicit a wide variety of strategic response from host country firms. While few studies have examined emerging market firms’ outward FDI (OFDI) strategy as a response to IFDI by foreign MNCs, no study has examined if and how family firms—a common occurrence in emerging markets—initiate similar response. Drawing on three streams of literature (competitive dynamics of emerging market firms, institutional development, and family firms), this study empirically examines a sample of Indian family firms over a six-year time-period. Results suggest that family firms increase their existing OFDI in response to IFDI announcements by foreign MNCs. Results also demonstrate that the OFDI-growth response varies across firms and is shaped by heterogeneity in management type (professional/family-based), extent of foreign institutional ownership (high/low), and family CEO’s international experience (possessed/not possessed). These findings are new to the literature. The study concludes by discussing the theoretical and managerial implications of the findings, and highlighting fertile avenues of future research.

Keywords: Strategic response; Family firm; India; Competition; Outward FDI (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s11575-021-00441-2

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