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The obstacles and challenges of transition towards a renewable and sustainable energy system in Azerbaijan and Poland

Marcin Cholewa (), Farid Mammadov and Agnieszka Nowaczek
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Marcin Cholewa: Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences
Farid Mammadov: Universita Degli Studi Di Roma La Sapienza
Agnieszka Nowaczek: Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Mineral Economics, 2022, vol. 35, issue 1, No 11, 155-169

Abstract: Abstract The aims of the paper are to identify and assess the determinants of transition to renewable and sustainable energy development in Azerbaijan and Poland. Both countries have a clear target to increase the share of renewable energy sources (RES) in the gross final energy consumption, i.e. Poland in the National Energy and Climate Plan for the years 2021–2030 declares that it wishes to achieve 21–23% by 2030 (total consumption in electricity, heating and cooling as well as for transport purposes). But there are currently significant producers and consumers of conventional energy carriers, respectively coal and oil, and these fuels ensure an appropriate level of energy security and production stability. Moreover, in Poland, the mining sector plays a very important social role, whereas the oil industry in Azerbaijan creates significant budget revenue. Therefore, even with stronger EU and worldwide climate policy and a decreasing cost of cleaner forms of energy, there are many challenges and obstacles for such countries in increasing energy from RES associated with energy security, efficiency, existing infrastructure, competitiveness and social aspects. In order to identify best practices for the transition to decarbonisation, the availability of energy resources, energy market structures, national strategies and policies were compared using PESTEL analysis.

Keywords: Azerbaijan; Poland; Renewable energy sources; PESTLE analysis; energy transformation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s13563-021-00288-x

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