Individual and community resilience in natural disaster risks and pandemics (covid-19): risk and crisis communication
Panagiotis V. Katsikopoulos ()
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Panagiotis V. Katsikopoulos: General Secretariat for Civil Protection/Ministry of Citizen Protection
Mind & Society: Cognitive Studies in Economics and Social Sciences, 2021, vol. 20, issue 1, No 11, 113-118
Abstract Civil Protection and disaster risk specific agencies legally responsible to enhance individual and community resilience, still utilize in their risk and crisis communication efforts, the “deficit model” even though its basic assumption and approach have been criticized. Recent studies indicate that information seeking behavior is not necessarily a measure of enhanced individual preparedness. A qualitative change from “blindly” following directions to practicing emergency planning and becoming your own disaster risk manager is required. For pandemics, the challenge is even more complicated due to their unique characteristics. Community based exercises (CBEx), a framework concept encompassing a variety of interactive activities, have recently started being utilized to develop resilience amongst citizens. Existing models of resilience can pinpoint to the required knowledge, skills and attitude. Research in the factors influencing behavioral change could offer new understanding of the interplay between cognitive and demographic drivers/factors of resilience. Such knowledge could be utilized for setting targeted objectives, developing appropriate activities and the corresponding training for the CBEx facilitators. Despite the importance of preparation, the current covid-19 crisis indicates that high levels of adaptive resilience can be displayed even in the absence of any risk communication effort beforehand by utilizing a pre-existing collective understanding of the system situation.
Keywords: COVID-19; Corona virus; Risk and crisis communication; Resilience; Community based exercises; Crisis management (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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