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Multi-player electoral engineering and COVID-19 in the polish presidential elections in 2020

Jarosław Flis () and Marek Kaminski ()
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Jarosław Flis: Jagiellonian University
Marek Kaminski: University of California

Mind & Society: Cognitive Studies in Economics and Social Sciences, 2022, vol. 21, issue 1, No 1, 8 pages

Abstract: Abstract The uniqueness of Poland’s experience with the 2020 coronavirus lays in the interplay of two factors: the decisive governmental response to the pandemic, and the overlap of the pandemic with the country’s presidential election scheduled on May 10, 2020. The government’s fast reaction, combined with the citizens’ discipline, resulted in the suppression of the virus’s spread. The ratings of the current President Duda skyrocketed well above 50% needed for re-election in the first round. However, the expectation was that they would be going down with the pandemic and lockdown fatigue. For almost two months, the government tried to organize the elections under the normal schedule while the opposition tried to block them. Finally, the opposition won, and the elections were rescheduled on June 28, with the President Duda’s ratings substantially lower. Nevertheless, in the runoff on July 11, Duda won. Our conclusion goes against the common opinion that electoral engineering is always one-sided. The reconstruction of the pre-electoral political maneuvers shows that many independent players were simultaneously involved in complex engineering, and that the final outcome was hard to predict until almost the very end.

Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s11299-022-00287-7

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