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How meteorological disasters affect the labor market? The moderating effect of government emergency response policy

Xiaodong Zhu (), Zijing Jin, Shunsuke Managi and XiRong Xun
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Xiaodong Zhu: Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology
Zijing Jin: Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology
Shunsuke Managi: Kyushu University
XiRong Xun: Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology

Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, 2021, vol. 107, issue 3, No 28, 2625-2640

Abstract: Abstract Natural disasters and climate change impose a severe threat to the sustainable development of economy and human society. This paper studies the economic consequences of meteorological disasters specifically to the wages income and unemployment. Using panel data from 31 provinces in China from 2010 to 2018 as a sample, it examines the relationship between meteorological disasters and labor market, and then verifies the moderating effect of government emergency response policy which is obtained through big data crawler technology. The results show that meteorological disasters will increase the level of unemployment, and at the same time increase the wage income of urban and rural people; while government emergency response policy only plays a moderating role between meteorological disasters and urban wage income. Although this paper focuses on China geographically, the overall conclusions presented in this article have strong policy implications for other regions in developing countries facing the challenge of meteorological disasters.

Keywords: Meteorological disaster; Labor market; Emergency response policy; Big data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s11069-021-04526-x

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