Dynamic linkages among energy consumption, air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and agricultural production in Pakistan: sustainable agriculture key to policy success
Muhammad Imran Qureshi (),
Usama Awan (),
Zeeshan Arshad (),
Amran Md. Rasli (),
Khalid Zaman () and
Faisal Khan ()
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Muhammad Imran Qureshi: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Zeeshan Arshad: University of Gujrat
Amran Md. Rasli: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Khalid Zaman: Abbottabad University of Science & Technology
Faisal Khan: University of Swat
Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, 2016, vol. 84, issue 1, No 21, 367-381
Abstract This study examines the impact of energy demand, air pollution, fossil fuel energy and greenhouse gas emissions on agricultural production in Pakistan for the period 1980–2013. The study utilized the following variables for agricultural production, i.e., agriculture value added, cotton production, wheat production, rice production and sugarcane production in Pakistan. The study employed generalized method of moments estimator to evaluate different simultaneous equations in relation to environmental factors and agricultural production in a country. The results show that CO2 emissions have a positive and energy sources have a negative impact on agricultural value added. The fossil source of energy has a direct relationship with the cotton and sugarcane production, while CO2 emission has a positive relationship with wheat and sugarcane production. Greenhouse gas emissions badly affected the agricultural production including cotton production, wheat production and rice production. Finally, energy consumption exerts the positive impact on the production of cotton, wheat and rice in Pakistan.
Keywords: Energy consumption; Air pollution; Greenhouse gas emissions; Agriculture production; Pakistan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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