Tsunami awareness: a comparative assessment between Japan and the USA
Miguel Esteban (),
Ricardo San Carlos Arce,
Alexander Sjoegren and
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Miguel Esteban: Waseda University
Jeremy Bricker: Delft University of Technology
Ricardo San Carlos Arce: FORUS S.A.
Hiroshi Takagi: Tokyo Institute of Technology
NamYi Yun: Institute for Research on Safety and Security of Greater Tokyo
Warathida Chaiyapa: Chiang Mai University
Alexander Sjoegren: The University of Tokyo
Tomoya Shibayama: Waseda University
Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, 2018, vol. 93, issue 3, 1507-1528
Abstract Awareness about the threats posed by different types of coastal disasters has increased throughout the world, as people are exposed to the nature of these hazards through media reports on events in distant countries. This has resulted in coastal residents being aware about the destructive power of tsunamis, despite no such events having taken place in their country in recent times. Regardless of this increased awareness, it has been hypothesized that there is still need for local governments to enact adequate policies to raise the awareness of local residents, for example, by holding regular evacuation drills. The present research presents a comparative assessment of tsunami awareness in two tourist destinations in Japan and the USA, which was derived through structured questionnaire surveys of beach users in the city of Kamakura and various coastal cities in Florida. The results show how despite relatively high level of awareness tsunamis still pose a considerable risk to each of the communities, for example, due to shortcoming in evacuation knowledge and infrastructure.
Keywords: Tsunami; Awareness; Natural hazards; Japan; USA (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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