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Evaluation of Health Status of Type 2 Diabetes Outpatients Receiving Care in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria

Maxwell Ogochukwu Adibe (), Chibueze Anosike, Sunday Odunke Nduka and Abdulmuminu Isah
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Maxwell Ogochukwu Adibe: University of Nigeria
Chibueze Anosike: University of Nigeria
Sunday Odunke Nduka: Nnamdi Azikiwe University
Abdulmuminu Isah: University of Nigeria

PharmacoEconomics - Open, 2018, vol. 2, issue 3, 337-345

Abstract: Abstract Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the health status of type 2 diabetes patients in a Nigerian tertiary hospital, and examine the sociodemographic and clinical variables that predicted the health status of type 2 diabetes patients in terms of utility valuations and EuroQol Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-VAS) score. Methods This was a cross-sectional study of 147 diabetes patients attending the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu State, Nigeria. The EQ-5D-5L instrument, version 2.1, was used to evaluate patients’ self-reported health status, and patients who gave informed consent completed the questionnaire while waiting to see a doctor. Descriptive and multiple linear regression analyses were performed using SPSS version 20. Results Overall, 147 patients participated in this study, with a mean age (± standard deviation) of 56.7 years (± 10.33). Over half of the respondents were females (55.1%) and more than half were older than 60 years of age. The mean EQ-VAS and utility valuations of respondents were 72.59 ± 10.51 and 0.72 ± 0.13, respectively. The age of respondents independently and significantly predicted EQ-VAS by −2.659 per year, while the age of respondents, level of education, duration of diabetes, and presence of other illnesses independently and significantly predicted utility valuations by −0.020 per year, +0.029 per level of education, −0.008 per year, and −0.044 per illness, respectively. Less than 39% of patients experienced no problems for each of the dimensions, except self-care (68%). Conclusion The results of this study revealed a relatively low health status among type 2 diabetic patients in Nigeria. Old age, duration of diabetes and the presence of other illnesses were major contributors to the negative impact on health status, while a higher level of education contributed positively to health status. Adequate family support, as well as regular and effective patient counseling and education, may be worthwhile.

Date: 2018
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