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Agricultural exports and economic growth in Pakistan: an econometric reassessment

Khalid Mahmood () and Shehla Munir ()
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Khalid Mahmood: Khawaja Fareed Govt. Post Graduate College
Shehla Munir: National College of Business Administration and Economics

Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, 2018, vol. 52, issue 4, 1561-1574

Abstract: Abstract Agriculture sector works as backbone of Pakistan economy. In this modern era, exports work as locomotive of growth train. Pakistan earned a handsome amount through exports of agricultural raw material and refined products. This research investigates that either there is unidirectional or bidirectional association between agricultural exports and economic growth in Pakistan? For empirical investigation of relationships between economic growth and agricultural exports in Pakistan this study used most reliable econometric estimation tools, augmented Dickey–Fuller unit root test, Johansen co-integration and Engle–Granger causality tests for 45 time series annul observations from 1970 to 2014. This research winds up that Pakistan’s agricultural exports have positive but insignificant association with gross domestic product growth. It is due to the primary and raw material agricultural products exports which cannot compete in international markets due to close competitions, lower quality and dearer price. Consequently, receive a trifling amount as exports earnings; contribute slightly in national economic growth.

Keywords: Agricultural exports; Exports earning; Economic growth; Engle–Granger causality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Handle: RePEc:spr:qualqt:v:52:y:2018:i:4:d:10.1007_s11135-017-0534-3