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Wellbeing indicators affecting female entrepreneurship in OECD countries

G. Ribes-Giner, I. Moya-Clemente, R. Cervelló-Royo () and M. R. Perello-Marin
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G. Ribes-Giner: Universitat Politècnica de València
I. Moya-Clemente: Universitat Politècnica de València
R. Cervelló-Royo: Universitat Politècnica de València
M. R. Perello-Marin: Universitat Politècnica de València

Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, 2019, vol. 53, issue 2, 915-933

Abstract: Abstract The objective of this research is to know which wellbeing indicators, such as work-life balance, educational level, income or job security, are related to the rate of female entrepreneurship in 29 OECD countries. In addition, these countries have been classified according to the motivation of the entrepreneur either by necessity or by opportunity. The empiric study is focused on 29 OECD countries covering the different geographic areas (Western Europe, Central and Eastern Europe, Middle East, etc.) Due to the fact that the sample is relatively small, it is essential to use a selective approach when selecting the causal conditions. To this end, fsQCA is the most appropriate methodology for such a small data set. A total of 5 variables have been used: an independent variable (female TEA ratio), and four dependent variables (work life balance, educational level, sustainable household income and job security). Data measuring female TEA ratio have been obtained from Global Entrepreneur Monitor (GEM in Global report, 2015) data base, while data measuring wellbeing dimensions were taken from the Better Life Index (OECD in How’s life? Measuring wellbeing, 2015. ). The results of this piece of research show that countries with high sustainable household income together with high level of education achieves high female entrepreneurship ratio with both, a good work-life balance (despite of a high unemployment probability), or a high labour-personal imbalance (in this latter, with a low probability of unemployment).

Keywords: Wellbeing; Female entrepreneurship; Gender; FsQCA; Work-life balance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I31 M13 O57 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Handle: RePEc:spr:qualqt:v:53:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s11135-018-0796-4