The Russian Phenomenon of Megalopolis-Type Cities
V. N. Leksin () and
B. N. Porfiriev ()
Additional contact information
V. N. Leksin: Russian Academy of Sciences
B. N. Porfiriev: Russian Academy of Sciences
Regional Research of Russia, 2018, vol. 8, issue 2, 133-140
Abstract Global urban science has established the notion of a megalopolis (a city with a population of over 10 mln people), the characteristics of which, after publication of the classical work by J. Gottman and the results of numerous studies by foreign and domestic scientists, were described in detail, making it possible to isolate megalopolises into a separate group of settlements that play a leading role in global and national socioeconomic systems. In Russia, the only megalopolis is Moscow; at the same time, there are about 100 other cities exhibiting features characteristic of megalopolises. In this article these are labeled megalopolis-type cities that involve above all regional capitals—the administrative centers of the federal subjects. These centers host federal and subfederal state power bodies (very important administrative resource in Russia), and practically all of them surpass in terms of population other cities and towns of their respective regions (in some cases, concentrating 40% or more of the region’s entire population). Consolidating about 30% of Russia’s population, megalopolis-type cities make up 40–70% of GRP and the bulk of revenues of each federal subject; their actual unemployment levels are 30–40% lower than in the rest territory of the region. They concentrate the majority of service sector facilities, higher education (about 90% of the Russia’s higher education students study there), modern health care and cultural and leisure organizations. Russian megalopolis-type cities for many years have been the foci of relative (compared to the periphery) well-being, and their influence on the spatial environment is limited mainly to providing low-skilled jobs to labor migrants and sites to chain hypermarkets on the outskirts. Experts voice concerns that the implementation of plans to form large agglomerations based on several megalopolis-type cities would deepen socioeconomic and demographic differences between these cities and the periphery.
Keywords: megalopolis-type cities; settlement system; migration; economic development; social structure; socioeconomic reforms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1134/S2079970518020065 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:rrorus:v:8:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1134_s2079970518020065
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
https://www.springer ... cience/journal/13393
Access Statistics for this article
Regional Research of Russia is currently edited by Vladimir M. Kotlyakov and Vladimir A. Kolosov
More articles in Regional Research of Russia from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().