Offshore versus domestic: Can EM MNCs reach higher R&D quality abroad?
Kerstin J. Schaefer () and
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Kerstin J. Schaefer: Institute of Economic and Cultural Geography
Ingo Liefner: Institute of Economic and Cultural Geography
Scientometrics, 2017, vol. 113, issue 3, 1349-1370
Abstract In the current discourse about the technological development of emerging market multinational companies (EM MNCs), the internationalization of research and development (R&D) activities is increasingly discussed as a strategy for catching-up to established MNCs. EM MNCs attempt to use international R&D to tap into technologically superior resources abroad which are not available to them in their home market. This study compares the performance of domestic and offshore R&D activities to look into EM MNCs’ ability to conduct high-quality R&D abroad. We use the Chinese telecommunication equipment manufacturer Huawei as a best practice case study. To map their worldwide patent quality pattern, we propose a multiple-patent-office-approach to ensure a balanced view on their activities with data from SIPO, USPTO and EPO. We also employ three different measures to capture different dimensions of patent quality. The results of the empirical model support the assumption of higher quality for patents with knowledge from advanced offshore locations.
Keywords: R&D internationalization; Emerging market MNCs; R&D off-shoring; Chinese MNCs; Measuring patent quality; Multiple-patent-office-approach (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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