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Journal peer review: a bar or bridge? An analysis of a paper’s revision history and turnaround time, and the effect on citation

J. Rigby (), D. Cox () and K. Julian ()
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J. Rigby: The University of Manchester
D. Cox: The University of Manchester
K. Julian: The University of Manchester

Scientometrics, 2018, vol. 114, issue 3, 1087-1105

Abstract: Abstract Journal peer review lies at the heart of academic quality control. This article explores the journal peer review process and seeks to examine how the reviewing process might itself contribute to papers, leading them to be more highly cited and to achieve greater recognition. Our work builds on previous observations and views expressed in the literature about (a) the role of actors involved in the research and publication process that suggest that peer review is inherent in the research process and (b) on the contribution reviewers themselves might make to the content and increased citation of papers. Using data from the journal peer review process of a single journal in the Social Sciences field (Business, Management and Accounting), we examine the effects of peer review on papers submitted to that journal including the effect upon citation, a novel step in the study of the outcome of peer review. Our detailed analysis suggests, contrary to initial assumptions, that it is not the time taken to revise papers but the actual number of revisions that leads to greater recognition for papers in terms of citation impact. Our study provides evidence, albeit limited to the case of a single journal, that the peer review process may constitute a form of knowledge production and is not the simple correction of errors contained in submitted papers.

Keywords: Turnaround time; Peer review; Journal; Author (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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