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Research and innovation in higher education: empirical evidence from research and patenting in Brazil

Joao Faria (), Peter F. Wanke, Joao Ferreira and Franklin G. Mixon ()
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Peter F. Wanke: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Franklin G. Mixon: Columbus State University

Scientometrics, 2018, vol. 116, issue 1, 487-504

Abstract: Abstract This study presents a hierarchical differential game between universities and scholars in order to examine innovation and research in higher education. In this stylized setup, scholars maximize the impact of their research, and universities maximize their market value. Innovations play a key role among the incentives given by the university to boost scholars’ productivity, as measured by academic publications and citations, which translates into scholars’ professional success. The scholars’ academic productivity increases university reputation and market value. Using Brazilian data, seemingly unrelated regression estimations suggest that the number of published papers grows with external funding and the percentage of faculty holding doctorate degrees, while the number of citations is associated with the presence of graduate programs and higher teaching quality. Market evaluation is, however, negatively affected by innovation, suggesting a lack of focus on patenting and technology transfer in Brazil.

Keywords: Innovation in higher education; Scholarly publications and citations; Teaching; University management; Seemingly unrelated regression; Brazil (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I23 O39 C39 C79 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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