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Are firms withdrawing from basic research? An analysis of firm-level publication behaviour in Germany

Bastian Krieger, Maikel Pellens (), Knut Blind, Sonia Gruber and Torben Schubert
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Bastian Krieger: ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research
Knut Blind: Fraunhofer Institute for System and Innovation Research ISI
Sonia Gruber: Fraunhofer Institute for System and Innovation Research ISI
Torben Schubert: Fraunhofer Institute for System and Innovation Research ISI

Scientometrics, 2021, vol. 126, issue 12, No 20, 9677-9698

Abstract: Abstract Previous research has expressed concerns about firms engaging less in basic research. We contribute to this debate by studying trends in the scientific publishing activities of firms located in Germany. Our results indicate that the firms’ aggregate volume of scientific publications stayed constant between 2008 and 2016. However, the number and share of publishing firms declined, and publication activities became more concentrated among publishing firms. Beyond that, we observe positive trends in publishing in basic research journals compared to journals focused on applied research, and publishing in collaboration with academic partners compared to publishing alone. Thus, our results paint an ambiguous picture. While they do not confirm a decrease in firms’ basic research engagement in the aggregate, the figures document a concentration of publishing activities on fewer firms. We argue that this concentration of basic research activities in firms may pose a threat to the longer-term innovativeness of the German economy.

Keywords: Corporate publishing; Basic research; R&D strategy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O32 O33 O34 O36 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s11192-021-04147-y

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