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Funding research in Brazil

Concepta McManus () and Abilio Afonso Baeta Neves ()
Additional contact information
Concepta McManus: Universidade de Brasília
Abilio Afonso Baeta Neves: PUC-RS

Scientometrics, 2021, vol. 126, issue 1, No 36, 823 pages

Abstract: Abstract Funding is vital for the survival of science and thereby development and sovereignty of a country and should look to the quality of the product. This paper looks at funding citations in Incites® database by Brazilian authors. Almost 70% of the documents in this study were funded by one of 10 Brazilian agencies, mainly Capes, CNPq and FAPESP. Although federal agencies (Capes and Cnpq) are important nationwide, the funding agency from São Paulo state (FAPESP) was seen to have national impact, probably due to collaboration of researchers from other states with universities in São Paulo. The impact of these agencies was lower than when science was funded by foreign sources, which were mainly North American and European. Eighty companies (primarily manufacturing and pharmaceutical) were also seen to fund research in Brazil, none being national. Clusters were formed of co-funding foreign agencies using quality indicators. Cluster separation depended mainly on journal impact factor, open/closed access and % documents in Q1 journals. Using Capes data, citation rates are also low, which may account for 30% of papers nationwide without funding information.

Keywords: National; International; Competition; Impact; Agency (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s11192-020-03762-5

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