Scientific productivity paradox: The case of China's S&T system
Celeste Amorim Varum and
Joaquim Borges Gouveia
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Celeste Amorim Varum: Department of Economics, Management and Industrial Engineering, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago
Joaquim Borges Gouveia: Department of Economics, Management and Industrial Engineering, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago
Scientometrics, 2006, vol. 69, issue 2, No 14, 449-473
Summary In 1985 China began the reform of its Science & Technology (S&T) sector inherited from the planned economy. To disclose the impact of the drawn-out reform on the efficiency of the whole sector, we measure the scientific productivity of China's S&T institutes. The analysis is based on R&D input and output data at the country aggregate and provincial level. We utilize Polynomial Distributed Lag model to uncover the structure of the lag between R&D input and output. The findings reveal that the growth rate of scientific productivity of China's S&T institutes has been negative since the 1990s.
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