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An anatomy of the Spanish current account adjustment: the role of permanent and transitory factors

Mar Delgado-Téllez (), Enrique Moral-Benito () and Francesca Viani ()

SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, 2020, vol. 11, issue 4, No 4, 529 pages

Abstract: Abstract This paper investigates how much of the current account adjustment after the global financial crisis in Spain can be explained by cyclical factors. For this purpose, we extend the IMF’s external balance assessment methodology to allow for country-specific slopes and intercepts. The good fit of these cross-country regressions implies negligible residuals for most countries, and, as a result, the positive analysis of current account decompositions provides a more informative assessment of the external balance drivers. According to our findings, around 60% of the 11 pp. adjustment of the Spanish external imbalance over the years 2008–2015 can be explained by transitory factors such as the output gap, the oil balance, and the financial cycle—a share that diminished down to 50% during the more recent recovery period. The remaining adjustment of the Spanish external balance is explained by factors such as the cyclically adjusted fiscal consolidation, population ageing, lower growth expectations, or competitiveness gains, which can all be considered as more permanent phenomena.

Keywords: Current account; External adjustment; Global imbalances (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F21 F32 F41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Working Paper: An anatomy of the spanish current account adjustment: the role of permanent and transitory factors (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: An anatomy of the Spanish current account adjustment: the role of permanent and transitory factors (2017) Downloads
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DOI: 10.1007/s13209-020-00220-6

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