Automation and sectoral reallocation
Dennis C. Hutschenreiter (),
Tommaso Santini () and
Eugenia Vella ()
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Dennis C. Hutschenreiter: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Barcelona GSE
Tommaso Santini: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Barcelona GSE
Eugenia Vella: Athens University of Economics and Business and Fundació MOVE
SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, 2022, vol. 13, issue 1, No 10, 335-362
Abstract Empirical evidence in Dauth et al. (J Eur Econ Assoc, 2021) suggests that industrial robot adoption in Germany has led to a sectoral reallocation of employment from manufacturing to services, leaving total employment unaffected. We rationalize this evidence through the lens of a general equilibrium model with two sectors, matching frictions and endogenous participation. Automation induces firms to create fewer vacancies and job seekers to search less in the automatable sector (manufacturing). The service sector expands due to the sectoral complementarity in the production of the final good and a positive wealth effect for the household. Analysis across steady states shows that the reduction in manufacturing employment can be offset by the increase in service employment. The model can also replicate the magnitude of the decline in the ratio of manufacturing employment to service employment in Germany between 1994 and 2014.
Keywords: Automation; Manufacturing; Services; Sectoral reallocation; Participation; Matching frictions; Vacancy creation; Productivity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 J22 J23 O14 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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