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Can the resource curse be avoided? An empirical examination of the nexus between crude oil price and economic growth

Clovis Wendji Miamo () and Elvis Achuo ()
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Clovis Wendji Miamo: University of Dschang

SN Business & Economics, 2022, vol. 2, issue 1, 1-23

Abstract: Abstract This paper revisits the resource curse hypothesis by examining the nexus between crude oil price and economic growth for a panel of 32 Sub-Saharan Africa countries from 1980 to 2017. Employing the panel vector autoregression (VAR) estimation technique, we found evidence of a significant positive effect of crude oil price on economic growth both in the short run and long run. However, after splitting the panel into net oil exporters and importers, the results for net oil importers remain consistent with those obtained for the whole panel, unlike those for net oil exporters revealing a positive and negative effect of crude oil price on economic growth in the short-run and long-run periods, respectively. This confirms the resource curse hypothesis for oil-exporting countries under consideration. Moreover, we found evidence of bidirectional causality between crude oil price and real GDP. Consequently, to boost economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa, various governments should encourage economic diversification, increase investments in human capital in view of enhancing the development of the oil sector by ensuring an efficient management of oil revenues, as well as intensifying the fight against corruption.

Keywords: Crude oil price; Economic growth; Resource curse; Panel VAR (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C13 F43 Q31 Q32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s43546-021-00179-x

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