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Assessing Changes Over Time in Inequality of Opportunity: The Case of Spain

Ana Suárez Álvarez () and Ana López-Menéndez ()
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Ana Suárez Álvarez: University of Oviedo

Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, 2018, vol. 139, issue 3, 989-1014

Abstract: Abstract The aim of this paper is to contribute both theoretically and empirically to the analysis of Inequality of Opportunity over time, providing some significant findings referred to the Spanish case. The analysis is carried out using microdata collected by the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), which incorporate a wide variety of personal harmonised variables, allowing comparability with other countries. The availability of this database for the period 2004 and 2010 is particularly relevant for assessing changes over time in the main inequality indices and the contribution of circumstances to inequality of opportunity. We find that the effect of circumstances on income distribution has significantly intensified between the two years. To test the significance of the differences between years we perform bootstrap estimations.

Keywords: Circumstances; EU-SILC; Income; Inequality of opportunity; Bootstrap (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C15 D31 D63 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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