Explaining Unequal Levels of Social Capital in Tehran
Mohammad Hassan Lotfi,
Mostafa Amini Rarani and
Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae ()
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Yahya Shadi: Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Mohammad Hassan Lotfi: Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Saharnaz Nedjat: Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Mostafa Amini Rarani: Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae: University of Liverpool
Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, 2018, vol. 140, issue 1, 243-265
Abstract Social capital may act as an asset to serve people in various situations. However, people do not equally enjoy the same level of social capital and there is inequality in distribution of this asset in societies. There is few research within the wider literature exploring the determinants of inequality in social capital. This study measured and decomposed inequality in the distribution of social capital in Tehran using a concentration index approach. Data was gathered through a survey in 2008, the sample included 2484 of over 18-year old residents. Social Capital Integrated Questionnaire was used to measure social capital status, its dimensions (networking, trust, and cooperation) and outcomes (cohesion and political action). Most of social capital dimensions/outcomes were unequally distributed in Tehran, favouring the rich. However, in terms of political action, the poor were more politically active than the rich in Tehran. Decomposition showed that economic status and education had the highest contributions to the observed inequalities. In efforts to move towards a more just society, these findings can inform future policies in Iran to tackle the observed inequalities in social capital.
Keywords: Social capital; Dimensions; Inequalities; Tehran (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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