Disability and Social Exclusion in Italian Households
Giuliana Parodi () and
Dario Sciulli ()
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Giuliana Parodi: Università di Chieti-Pescara
Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, 2019, vol. 144, issue 2, No 11, 767-784
Abstract This paper investigates how the presence of disabled member(s) affects the household risk of being socially excluded in Italy. By using a dynamic probit model with correlated random effects and accounting for endogenous initial conditions, we find that the presence of severely disabled member(s) increases the probability of being socially excluded by 2.5%. Importantly, we find that genuine state dependence is greater, by about 20% in relative terms, for households with disabled member(s) than their counterparts, indicating that the former experience greater difficulties in escaping from social exclusion. This suggests that policies aimed at preventing social exclusion would be particularly effective for households with disabled member(s). All these findings hold when accounting for endogeneity of disability and social exclusion because of possible feedback effects. Finally, our estimates confirm that in Italy low education, living in the South and the presence of children increase the probability of a household being socially excluded.
Keywords: Disability; Social exclusion; Household; Genuine state dependence; Feedback effects; Correlated random effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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