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Gender Differences in Commuting: New Evidence from Spain

José M. Casado-Díaz (), Raquel Simón-Albert () and Hipólito Simón ()
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José M. Casado-Díaz: University of Alicante
Raquel Simón-Albert: University of Alicante
Hipólito Simón: University of Alicante

Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, 2023, vol. 169, issue 3, No 9, 907-941

Abstract: Abstract This article examines the origins of the shorter commutes typically observed for women, a phenomenon that contributes to the poorer work outcomes they typically suffer. The analysis extends previous research on the gender gap in commuting by using econometric decomposition techniques that are novel in this field which, combined with a Spanish nationally representative survey that allows for an exhaustive control of the different elements identified in the literature as possible determinants of gender differences in commuting to work, allows quantifying the specific influence of a wide range of individual, family, territorial and work-related elements. The evidence obtained shows that the gender gap in commuting is not the result of the relative characteristics of women, but of the presence of a systematic pattern of lower mobility that emerges when women are compared with observationally similar men. Yet, this pattern of lower mobility is not observed for certain groups of women whose behavior in the labor market is generally more egalitarian, such as women with higher education, without family responsibilities or without a partner, which is consistent with the presence of cultural or social constraints that tend to limit women’s mobility.

Keywords: Commuting; Gender; Household responsibilities; Satisfaction; Local labor market (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I3 J28 R4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
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DOI: 10.1007/s11205-023-03183-w

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