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The Role of Family Background in the Heterogeneity of Self-Employment in Some Transition Countries

Rosalia Castellano () and Gennaro Punzo ()

Transition Studies Review, 2013, vol. 20, issue 1, 79-88

Abstract: Aim of this paper is to shed light on how some determinants, especially in the spheres of family background, differently affect the heterogeneous category of self-employment across four transition countries of Central and Eastern Europe (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovak Republic), where more or less restrictive policies towards start-ups have been implemented during the pre-1989 years, different liberalization processes have gradually been carried out and distinct policy interventions to support self-employment have been adopted in the post-1989 period. At this end, three-stage structural multinomial logit models as discrete choice models are estimated on 2005 EU-SILC data, which also allows to account for generational changes over time. Country-specific profiles of self-employment are drawn and, even though the self-employment is often devised in a dualist perspective, which stresses its marginal nature as refuge from poverty rather than a way to accumulate capital, significant differentiations within the ranks of self-employed also exist. Copyright CEEUN 2013

Keywords: Self-employment; Central and Eastern countries; Generational mobility; Three-stage multinomial model; J62; P29; P51 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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