Development of Nonlinear Model Based on Wavelet-ANFIS for Rainfall Forecasting at Klang Gates Dam
Seyed Akrami (),
Vahid Nourani and
Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), 2014, vol. 28, issue 10, 2999-3018
Rainfall is one of the most complicated effective hydrologic processes in runoff prediction and water management. Artificial neural networks (ANN) have been found efficient, particularly in problems where characteristics of the processes are stochastic and difficult to describe using explicit mathematical models. However, time series prediction based on ANN algorithms is fundamentally difficult and faces some other problems. For this purpose, one method that has been identified as a possible alternative for ANN in hydrology and water resources problems is the adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS). Nevertheless, the data arising from the monitoring stations and experiment might be corrupted by noise signals owing to systematic and non-systematic errors. This noisy data often made the prediction task relatively difficult. Thus, in order to compensate for this augmented noise, the primary objective of this paper is to develop a technique that could enhance the accuracy of rainfall prediction. Therefore, the wavelet decomposition method is proposed to link to ANFIS and ANN models. In this paper, two scenarios are employed; in the first scenario, monthly rainfall value is imposed solely as an input in different time delays from the time (t) to the time (t-4) into ANN and ANFIS, second scenario uses the wavelet transform to eliminate the error and prepares sub-series as inputs in different time delays to the ANN and ANFIS. The four criteria as Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Correlation Coefficient (R 2 ), Gamma coefficient (G), and Spearman Correlation Coefficient (ρ) are used to evaluate the proposed models. The results showed that the model based on wavelet decomposition conjoined with ANFIS could perform better than the ANN and ANFIS models individually. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014
Keywords: Adaptive neuro-fuzzy interference system (ANFIS); Artificial neural network (ANN); Wavelet transform (WT); Rainfall forecasting (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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