Does the Greek food supply respond to the world challenges?
Chrysochou P. and
Advances in Management and Applied Economics, 2017, vol. 7, issue 5, 1
Although exports of agricultural products contribute to the economic growth ofÂ Greece, the export balance remains in deficit. It is therefore uncertain as toÂ whether the Greek food supply properly responds to current global challenges. InÂ this paper we adopt an approach of an integrated international food supply chainÂ and explore the capacity of the Greek food supply chain. Based on a literatureÂ review and in-depth interviews with business executives and staff of exportÂ certification and inspection bodies we conduct a SWOT analysis. The objective isÂ to generate knowledge on how the Greek food supply chain could becomeÂ extrovert, and provide recommendations for all members of the supply chain andÂ public authorities. The findings indicate that the most crucial factors thatÂ negatively impact export capacity and discourage export initiatives are dispersedÂ beyond the export firm level, and can be categorized in two groups. The firstÂ group is connected with the main structural characteristics of the primaryÂ production, such as the characteristics of farms and farm owners, barriers andÂ uncertainties caused by natural environment of production, the perishability of theÂ products and the lack of effective collective efforts. The second group isÂ connected with the public authorities and services. These factors include theÂ signing of bilateral phytosanitary contracts with non-EU countries, theÂ bureaucracy in operations of the public services, the registration of exportersÂ where it is needed, the organisation or/and support of the provision of exportÂ related information, the insufficient provision of vocational training and agricultural research which is necessary at all supply stages and steps, from theÂ farm business level until the consumption.JEL classification numbers: Q18; Q01; C61Keywords: exports; food; supply chain; SWOT
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