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Conviction, gender and labour market status

Dario Sciulli ()

Applied Economics Letters, 2013, vol. 20, issue 11, 1113-1120

Abstract: Applying propensity score matching to the National Child Development Study, we found that conviction reduces the employment probability of middle-aged British females by about three times more than that of comparable males. Moreover, while males recover a part of the disadvantage by increasing self-employment, conviction results in a strong labour market marginalization for females, as unemployment and, overall, inactivity increase. Robustness checks tend to confirm these findings. This suggests both a stronger discouragement effect for females and/or a different attitude towards self-employment and/or excluding factors (e.g. access to borrowing).

Date: 2013
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DOI: 10.1080/13504851.2013.791011

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