Economics at your fingertips  

US tax acts and their effects on average tax rates

John Anderson ()

Applied Economics Letters, 2013, vol. 20, issue 2, 131-134

Abstract: Tax legislation since the early 1980s has significantly altered Average Tax Rates (ATRs) across the income distribution in the United States. Using a consistently defined ATR series for the years 1979--2003, this study finds that the 1980s reduced ATRs for all taxpayers except those in the bottom quintile whose ATRs rose. The reforms of the early 1990s generally had the effect of raising ATRs at the top of the income distribution and lowering those at the bottom, although the magnitude of the effects was smaller than the reforms of the 1980s. Reforms of the late 1990s and early 2000s significantly reduced ATRs virtually across the board. The only exception occurred in the bottom quintile where the effects of the various tax acts have been mixed. The tax acts of 2001 and 2003 reduced ATRs significantly in the top and middle quintiles, although the size of the ATR reduction in both cases was greater in the middle quintile than in the top quintile. Within the top percentile, the ATR reductions due to Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 (JGTRRA03) are larger than those due to Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (EGTRRA01), but they are only modestly larger than the ATR reductions due to TRA86.

Date: 2013
References: View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from

DOI: 10.1080/13504851.2012.684781

Access Statistics for this article

Applied Economics Letters is currently edited by Anita Phillips

More articles in Applied Economics Letters from Taylor & Francis Journals
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Chris Longhurst ().

Page updated 2022-07-29
Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:20:y:2013:i:2:p:131-134