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Early Experience and Later Outcomes of Education: Schooling Transition Evidence from Indonesia

T Yudo Wicaksono () and Firman Witoelar

Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 2019, vol. 55, issue 1, 29-60

Abstract: This paper investigates the effect of early school experience on later educational attainment. Using the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS), we find that students who repeat a grade at primary school are less likely to progress to junior high school. We also find that grade retention is associated with lower rates of transition from junior high school to senior high school. The relationship persists across years and samples. Meanwhile, the age of students when starting school and the hours they spend there have limited effects on whether they continue their schooling. We also observe that the effects of parental education and household income on the transition of students from primary school to junior high school are weakening. Given the long-term impact of grade retention, policymakers should be cautious when recommending it for underachieving children and should look for alternatives.

Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1080/00074918.2018.1439156

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