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Military expenditure and the profit rate in Greece

Christos Kollias and Thanasis Maniatis

Defence and Peace Economics, 2003, vol. 14, issue 2, 117-127

Abstract: This paper examines the effect of military expenditure on the profitability of the Greek economy for the 1962-1994 period. In the theoretical debate on the role of military expenditures they have alternatively been viewed either as a "burden on growth" (i.e. an unproductive drain of resources) or as a stimulating factor for demand, profitability and economic performance. This distinction is reflected in the Marxist tradition as well where in different theories of crisis, military expenditures have been treated either as an unproductive burden or as a savior of the capitalist system, mainly through their effect on the rate of profit. Our empirical tests for the relationship between military expenditure, the general Marxian rate of profit and the net rate of profit indicate that those expenditures have had a contradictory effect on profitability, stimulating effective demand in the short run, but affecting negatively both rates of profit over the long run.

Keywords: Military Expenditure; Greece; Profit Rate (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2003
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DOI: 10.1080/10242690302920

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