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Gender mainstreaming in multi-level political governance in urban Zambia: A critical review of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) achievements

Keerty Nakray and Nellie Musamba Kafukanya

Development Southern Africa, 2019, vol. 36, issue 1, 111-126

Abstract: This paper evaluates the progress made by Zambia on the third Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of increasing the political participation of women in urban areas. Based on Nancy Fraser's framework of redistribution-recognition-participatory parity we demonstrate that women's political participation in Zambia is thwarted by a range of historical, economic, socio-cultural and political factors along with specific factors in urban areas such as long work hours, the informal economy and lack of familial support. It concludes that without the introduction of gender-specific quotas within local bodies in Zambia, the newly instituted Sustainable Development Goals will see growing difficulty in achieving progress.

Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1080/0376835X.2018.1486180

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Handle: RePEc:taf:deveza:v:36:y:2019:i:1:p:111-126