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Gender and cooperative behavior: economic man rides alone

Stephanie Seguino (), Thomas Stevens and Mark Lutz

Feminist Economics, 1996, vol. 2, issue 1, 1-21

Abstract: Neoclassical theory posits an undifferentiated economic agent whose self-interested behavior promotes a tendency to free ride in the provision of public goods. Challenges to this rigid portrayal of human character have come from a variety of directions. A dozen years ago Gerald Marwell and Ruth Ames conducted experiments which showed that (virtually all male) economic graduate students tended to free ride significantly more than a mixed population of high school students. In this paper, we argue that gender may also influence the degree to which humans act in a self-interested versus cooperative manner. We test this hypothesis by replicating the Marwell and Ames experiments using a similar, albeit simplified, methodology, with a sample of only college students separated into economists and non-economists. After controlling for group size, gender, and exposure to economics courses, we find that a key factor affecting the level of cooperation is gender.

Keywords: Gender; cooperative behavior; free rider; altruism; public goods (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 1996
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DOI: 10.1080/738552683

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