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Performance of Domestic and Foreign Banks: The Case of Korea and the Asian Financial Crisis

Yongil Jeon and Stephen Miller ()

Global Economic Review, 2005, vol. 34, issue 2, 145-165

Abstract: This paper examines the performance of banks, domestic and foreign, in Korea before and after the Asian financial crisis, examining how the profitability of those banks differed and identifying factors that explain why those differences existed. The performance of Korean banks deteriorated dramatically in 1998 with most banks recovering somewhat in 1999. Foreign banks did not experience the same negative effect on their performance as a rule. Overall, the domestic Korean banks suffered more severely from the Asian financial crisis than foreign banks. Several possible explanations exist. First, foreign banks, unlike domestic Korean banks, were not subject to credit allocation directives from the Korean government to selected, favoured industries. Second, foreign banks, since they relied for governance on the mother bank in the home country, achieved higher efficiency and better asset and liability management. Finally, foreign banks rely more heavily on fee-for-service income rather than loan revenue.

Keywords: Asian financial crisis; Korean commercial banks; profitability (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2005
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