The Eclectic Paradigm in the Global Economy
John Cantwell () and
Rajneesh Narula ()
International Journal of the Economics of Business, 2001, vol. 8, issue 2, 155-172
Economic globalisation and the subsequent growth of global and alliance capitalism have fundamentally affected the way in which MNC activities are undertaken and organised. The various contributions to this special issue have evaluated the eclectic paradigm in the global economy, and its validity as a theoretical basis to understand these developments. This paper places these contributions into context. We highlight that globalisation has increased the interactive dynamics between and among 'O', 'L' and 'I' characteristics at firm, industry and country level, in at least two ways. First, a knowledge-based society has meant that the efficient exploitation of MNCs' ownership advantages and the continual need to augment and sustain their competitive advantages is ever more crucial, leading to a complex interdependence between ownership and location advantages. Second, globalisation has affected how MNCs seek to organise their cross-border activities coherently in response to changing boundaries of the firm. We find that the paradigm continues to provide a framework which facilitates how best to synthesise relevant complementary theories, or how to choose between potentially competing theories, and helps to operationalise them.
Keywords: Eclectic Paradigm; Mncs; Internationalisation; Technological Change; Economic Development; Asset Augmentation; Innovation Alliances; Transaction Cost Theory (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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