Aerospace Clusters: Local or Global Knowledge Spillovers?
Jorge Niosi () and
Industry and Innovation, 2005, vol. 12, issue 1, 5-29
The literature about regional innovation systems, clusters and industrial districts insists on the importance of local knowledge spillovers. Nevertheless, more recently a few authors have put in question the importance of local knowledge spillovers. This paper provides an analysis of some of the most dynamic aerospace clusters in the world, located in Montreal, Seattle, Toulouse and Toronto. We start by discussing theories of clustering, then provide research questions as well as empirical evidence on the international nature of knowledge spillovers. Local knowledge spillovers are less significant, of a different nature, and they may make a scanty contribution to explain the geographical agglomeration of firms. Conversely, international spillovers help to explain the relative dispersion of industry across nations. Resilient geographical clustering is related to the anchor tenant effects as creators of labour pools and owners of very large manufacturing plants creating regional inertia. We thus reject the local knowledge spillover explanation of aerospace clusters in favour of another one based on anchor firms and their effects on the local labour pool.
Keywords: Aerospace; aircraft; industrial clusters; industrial districts; internationalization; regional innovation systems (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (40) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:taf:indinn:v:12:y:2005:i:1:p:5-29
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
Industry and Innovation is currently edited by Associate Professor Mark Lorenzen
More articles in Industry and Innovation from Taylor & Francis Journals
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Chris Longhurst ().