Of Hackers and Hairdressers: Modularity and the Organizational Economics of Open-source Collaboration
Richard Langlois () and
Giampaolo Garzarelli ()
Industry and Innovation, 2008, vol. 15, issue 2, 125-143
Using the idea of modularity, we study the general phenomenon of open-source collaboration, which includes such things as collective invention and open science in addition to open-source software production. We argue that open-source collaboration coordinates the division of labor through the exchange of effort rather than of products: suppliers of effort self-identify in the same way as suppliers of products in a market rather than accepting assignments like employees in a firm. We suggest that open-source software (and other) projects are neither bazaars nor cathedrals, but hybrids manifesting both voluntary production and conscious planning.
Keywords: Innovation; integrality; intellectual division of labor; modularity; open-source software; theory of the firm (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (21) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.
Working Paper: Of Hackers and Hairdressers: Modularity and the Organizational Economics of Open-source Collaboration (2008)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:taf:indinn:v:15:y:2008:i:2:p:125-143
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
Industry and Innovation is currently edited by Associate Professor Mark Lorenzen
More articles in Industry and Innovation from Taylor & Francis Journals
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Chris Longhurst ().