R&D vs. Other Factor Inputs in a High-Tech Industry
Pii Berghäll ()
Industry and Innovation, 2012, vol. 19, issue 2, 127-153
According to knowledge-based growth theories, catch-up with the global technology frontier calls for a shift from physical investment to innovation. This prevailing premise in Finland is tested with an unbalanced panel of firms in Finnish information and communications technology (ICT) manufacturing, over a period of rapid growth, 1990--2003. Stochastic frontier model estimation results are overwhelmed by scale elasticity associated productivity growth. Contrary to beliefs, R&D productivity was relatively low, regardless if measured by efficiency impacts of R&D intensity, technical change or R&D elasticity of output. Results are consistent with industry outcomes and reveal internal causes to the subsequent downfall of ICT manufacturing in Finland.
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