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Stock prices and long-run demand for money: evidence from Malaysia

Ahmad Zubaidi Baharumshah ()

International Economic Journal, 2001, vol. 18, issue 3, 389-407

Abstract: This paper investigates the money demand function for Malaysia in the 1971-1996 period using the multivariate cointegration and error correction model methodology. The results suggest that a stable long-run relationship exist between real M2, the interest rate differential, income and stock prices. Stock prices have a significant negative substitute effect on long-run as well as short-run broad-money demand (M2) and its omission can lead to serious misspecification in the money demand function. The analysis from the vector error correction model (VECM) and the Toda & Yamamoto (1995) causality tests find that money is endogenous and that there is at least a unidirectional relationship between stock prices and real M2. Stock prices Granger cause real M2 indirectly through income between interest rates and stock prices and stock prices and money stock. This paper comes to the conclusion that due to the endogeneity of money, M2 cannot be completely controlled by Malaysia's central bank. Therefore, in formulating future monetary policy, the response of money demand to stock prices should be considered.

Keywords: JEL Classification: E41; E44; Money demand; cointegration; exogeneity; causality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:taf:intecj:v:18:y:2001:i:3:p:389-407