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Access to credit and informality among micro and small enterprises in Ethiopia

Gemechu Aga and Barry Reilly ()

International Review of Applied Economics, 2011, vol. 25, issue 3, 313-329

Abstract: This paper examines the determinants of Micro and Small and Enterprises (MSEs) access to credit in Ethiopia using detailed firm-level data collected in 2003. Its basic purpose is to identify the various attributes of a firm that determine its access to credit with an emphasis on the role of firm formality. We find that informal firms are more credit constrained compared to formal firms. A firm's location, membership of a business association and maintaining an accounting record are found to be important determinants of access to credit. Further, we find firms whose owners have vocational training are more credit constrained than those who are not, as are firms that are exclusively male owned. There is no systematic relation between access to credit and a firm's age, size and the sector in which it operates. The paper concludes with possible policy interventions designed to improve access to credit for MSEs in Ethiopia.

Keywords: micro and small enterprises; asymmetric information; credit market imperfections; informality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011
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DOI: 10.1080/02692171.2010.498417

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