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An alternative approach to the monitoring of technological diffusion via foreign direct investment: evidence from the Greek manufacturing sector

Evangelia Desli (), Pavlos Gkasis and Persefoni Tsaliki ()

International Review of Applied Economics, 2012, vol. 26, issue 5, 687-707

Abstract: The existing studies of foreign direct investment and the corresponding technological diffusion process that they generate, focus either on specific parameters of the production process in isolation, or they combine certain parameters to construct indices that are not consistent across studies. The present analysis proposes an alternative approach that captures the entire production process and multinational firms are viewed as the platform that transfers more advanced technologies to the host countries. As multinational firms are able to utilise more efficiently the available production process, an efficiency gap ensues between the domestically owned firms of a country and the multinational firms that operate in it. We capture and provide a measure and a monitoring mechanism of the technological diffusion process via foreign direct investment through the evolution of the efficiency gap between the two groups of firms whilst controlling for other variables that might contribute to such a gap. We apply our approach to the manufacturing sector of the Greek economy that experiences a consistent presence of foreign direct investment inflows over the time period 2001--2007.

Date: 2012
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DOI: 10.1080/02692171.2012.665854

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