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Bank liquidity risk and monetary policy. Empirical evidence on the impact of Basel III liquidity standards

Gastón Giordana () and Ingmar Schumacher

International Review of Applied Economics, 2013, vol. 27, issue 5, 633-655

Abstract: We extend the literature on the bank lending channel in two aspects. First, rather than following the literature by analyzing the impact of banks'liquidity (measured via their asset portfolio) on monetary policy transmission, we study the role of banks' actual liquidity risk, as measured by the Basel III liquidity regulations. Second, we investigate the effect of complying with the Basel III liquidity standards on monetary policy transmission. We use highly detailed bank-level data from Luxembourg for the period 2003q1--2010q4. Our findings are that monetary policy transmission works its way through small banks that also have a large maturity mismatch, as measured by the Net Stable Funding Ratio. In contrast, large banks with a small maturity mismatch increase their lending following a monetary policy shock, which confirms existing results that Luxembourg’s banks are liquidity providers to the European market. Based upon in-sample predictions and upon simulated data from an optimization model that takes the banks' business models into account, we conclude that the bank lending channel will no longer be effective once banks adhere to the new Basel III liquidity regulations.

Date: 2013
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DOI: 10.1080/02692171.2013.778821

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Handle: RePEc:taf:irapec:v:27:y:2013:i:5:p:633-655