Labour effects of foreign and domestic remittances -- evidence from Pakistan
Mazhar Mughal () and
Farid Makhlouf ()
International Review of Applied Economics, 2013, vol. 27, issue 6, 798-821
Remittances are playing an increasingly important role in the economies of developing countries. In this paper, we study the effects of these flows on Pakistan's labour market. We employ the 2007--2008 Household Integrated Economic Survey and Probit as well as Propensity Score Matching techniques to examine the impact on labour participation, quantity of work and activities of working as well as non-active members of remittance-receiving households. We find that both foreign and domestic remittances tend to lower labour supply of the recipient households. This impact is higher among women and among the young. The impact is more pronounced in the rural areas. In addition, foreign remittances increase the likelihood of household members attending middle school. We also examine the quantity of labour supplied by the remittance-recipient households. Results show little difference in the number of months and days worked between the households receiving and not receiving remittances. Furthermore, we find that the likelihood of being self-employed and cultivating one's own land is higher among remittance recipients. In sum, our analysis highlights a higher role of foreign remittances in the labour market as compared to internal remittances.
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