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Global financial cycle and Brazil’s financial integration

André Moreira Cunha, Andrés Ernesto Ferrari Haines and Pedro Perfeito Da Silva

International Review of Applied Economics, 2019, vol. 33, issue 6, 829-851

Abstract: Recent studies have discussed the influence of the global financial cycle on capital flows to emerging and developing countries. This paper evaluates the relationship between the greater degree of financial integration, and macroeconomic performance over the last two decades in Brazil. The literature has highlighted the Brazilian experience as being paradigmatic among emerging countries regarding the relationship between financial integration and regulation of capital flows to deal with boom and bust cycles. Methodologically, we employ a vector autoregressive model with error correction that allows us to evaluate the cointegration between the variables. Our main hypothesis is that a greater degree of financial integration is associated with negative developments in variables such as gross domestic product, country risk, interest rates, and exchange rate volatility. In addition, this study presents a further contribution by observing the existence of the interaction between the consequences of financial integration and the global financial cycle. More specifically, we found that: (i) an increase in the degree of financial integration generates deeper effects in downward periods of the global financial cycle; and (ii) a decline in that cycle generates greater impacts when a higher degree of financial integration is present.

Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1080/02692171.2019.1620701

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Handle: RePEc:taf:irapec:v:33:y:2019:i:6:p:829-851