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Microeconomic Determinants of Income Inequality in Rural Pakistan

Felix Naschold

Journal of Development Studies, 2009, vol. 45, issue 5, 746-768

Abstract: Inequality matters for poverty reduction. However, it is often unclear what policy could do to change the distribution of income as to date there is little quantitative evidence about the household characteristics that determine the level of income inequality and its changes over time. This paper sets out to identify these determinants by adapting a regression-based inequality decomposition technique and applying it to panel data from rural Pakistan. Land ownership is key to explaining the level of inequality, but not its changes. In contrast, higher education drives changes, but not the level of inequality. Household location affects both, reflecting growing differences in market access across regions.

Date: 2009
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DOI: 10.1080/00220380902753193

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