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Does the Increase in Competition between Schools Improve the Quality of the Service? The Role of Educational Reform in Chile

Javiera Cartagena FarÍas and Steven McIntosh ()

Journal of Development Studies, 2019, vol. 55, issue 8, 1799-1815

Abstract: We analyse the effect of geographic competition between schools on academic performance in Chile. The analysis controls for prior pupil performance, and a range of school and municipality characteristics. We allow for the endogeneity of voucher school location, using the number of local Catholic churches as an instrument. We find that a larger number of public schools positively affects the quality of education of other schools located in the same area, particularly amongst middle-class families and in middle-ranking schools. However, the number of voucher schools is associated with lower performance in neighbouring schools, which we attribute to pupil sorting.

Date: 2019
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