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Monetary integration vs. real disintegration: single currency and productivity divergence in the euro area

Alberto Bagnai () and Christian Alexander Mongeau Ospina

Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 2018, vol. 21, issue 4, 353-367

Abstract: Productivity slowdown plays a prominent role in the build-up of the euro area crisis. This phenomenon affected member countries asymmetrically, causing divergence in their productivity trends. Recent research traces this divergence back to monetary integration. After reviewing the arguments that link real “disintegration” of the euro area to its monetary integration, we assess them empirically by modelling the evolution of labour productivity using a panel of sectorial data. The results indicate that monetary unification may actually have fostered divergence in productivity trends, and suggest some economic policy measures that could prevent further divergence.

Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1080/17487870.2017.1403755

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Handle: RePEc:taf:jecprf:v:21:y:2018:i:4:p:353-367