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Gender differences in farmers’ livelihood capital in Dazu District, China

Foyuan Kuang, Jianjun Jin, Chenyang Zhang, Rui He, Xin Qiu, Tong Guan and Lin Li

Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 2022, vol. 65, issue 12, 2172-2189

Abstract: This study aims to investigate whether there are gender differences in the livelihood capital of farming households in China. A stratified random sampling technique and household surveys were used to collect data from Dazu District, China. This paper uses capital values to compute the level of livelihood capital, while the ordinary least squares model is employed to compare gender differences in livelihood capital. The results show significant gender differences in farmers’ livelihood capital. Male farmers have more livelihood capital than female farmers. There are also significant gender differences in the factors that affect farmers’ livelihood capital. Education and agricultural cooperatives are the major factors influencing the livelihood capital of men, while agricultural policy support and happiness are the major factors influencing the livelihood capital of women. These results imply that specific gender-based intervention programs should be implemented to maintain farmers’ livelihood sustainability and to overcome gender gaps in agriculture.

Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2021.1957798

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