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Modes of solid waste management and household health outcomes

Edward Martey

Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 2022, vol. 65, issue 4, 703-726

Abstract: Poorly managed waste impacts negatively on water bodies and the atmosphere; and may limit the quality of human life. This study evaluates the effect of waste management on health outcomes, using nationally representative data of 16,772 households in Ghana. I employ the endogenous switching regression (ESR) and maximum simulated likelihood (MSL) techniques to respectively control for the endogeneity in waste management and also account for the heterogeneity effect in the modes of waste management. The results show that the private mode of waste management reduces the log number of days hospitalized due to ill-health and log of total household health expenditure per AEU by −1.56 and −2.48, respectively. The differential analysis indicates that while prompt collection of waste improves health outcomes, burning and indiscriminate dumping exacerbate health outcomes. The results of the study support the need to increase awareness and formulate sustainable strategies that prioritize waste management to enhance environmental quality.

Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2021.1902791

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